Surgery is a branch of medicine or dentistry that makes use of surgical tools and operative techniques to investigate or cure a disorder like an injury or a disease, to improve physical function, appearance, or even to repair abnormal damaged areas. Surgery can be both minor and major invasive procedures as well as non-invasive procedures. It is a very broad specialization, and any area of surgery can be included under the umbrella of surgery.
The major benefit of surgery is that it can be performed in an outpatient setting and therefore there is no need to stay in the hospital overnight. Also, in most cases surgery yields good short term and long term outcomes, which is not possible with many other treatments. Surgery can be very complex and very demanding of the patient, and the results are often not immediately obvious. However, in many cases patients notice long lasting improvements and even cure of the disorder that the surgery was performed for.
Surgery can be broken down into several categories, and these include: major surgery, which includes bypass surgery and heart surgery; major or minor surgery (including breast reduction), which includes liposuction, tummy tuck and liposuction); microsurgery, which includes procedures such as ear pinnaecoplasty (the removal of ear cartilage) and sclerotherapy (a chemical tolerant that is injected into the affected area to harden the skin). These are just a few of the more common types of surgery. There are some that may perform surgery under the classification of dermatology or oncology, including plastic surgery, cleft lip/palate surgery, rhinoplasty (nose and cheek lifts), corrective laser surgery and microsurgery. Surgery can be broadly divided into general surgery, which cover almost any bodily operation, and microsurgery, which are the specific surgical procedure performed under very specific circumstances.
A surgical procedure can produce a great deal of pain or trauma to the patient, which often leads many people to question whether they should have surgery at all. The first thing to do is determine why you are having the surgical procedure. In most cases, a surgical procedure is necessary because of a medical condition or disease. Your surgeon will be able to determine what the best course of action will be when you consult him. Many surgeons consider elective procedures when they are not the primary requirement of treatment.
If you decide to have the cosmetic surgery, you will find that your surgeon will offer you several pre-operative consultations, and this will allow you to discuss your goals with him. You will also learn about the risks, benefits and complications associated with the minimally invasive techniques that surgeons in your area are using. The pre-operative consultations are really where you are deciding on the type of surgery that you want. You will likely have an extensive discussion about the type of risks, benefits and complications that you are willing to accept. The best pre-operative consultations will help you make the best decision about the type of surgery that you want to have.
If you are interested in having more invasive types of surgeries performed, such as those that involve the removal of a blood vessel or the repositioning of a joint, you will find that these types of operations take longer than some other surgeries. This is because the exact techniques that are required to perform these types of surgeries take time to master. It takes years for experienced surgeons to become adept at the precise movements that are necessary in order to successfully perform these complex surgeries. Your doctor will make a thorough assessment before allowing you to proceed with any elective surgeries. If you decide to have an elective surgery, it is important to discuss this plan with your doctor and have open communication about the time line for the surgery.