The First Steps in Surgery
The first step before undergoing any surgical procedure is a preop checkup. This procedure is designed to ensure that you are healthy enough to undergo the procedure. It is usually performed a month before the actual surgery to allow time for any necessary treatment. In the case of certain conditions, your healthcare practitioner may refer you to a specialist to diagnose and treat them. If you have a history of diabetes, heart disease, or blood clots, your healthcare provider may recommend certain tests before the surgery. Common tests include chest X-rays, electrocardiograms, upper endoscopy, lung function testing, and imaging.
Before performing any surgical procedure, your surgeon will need to make an incision to access the surgical site. Blood vessels will be clamped to prevent excessive bleeding. Retractors are also often used to expose the surgical site and maintain the incision open. Some incisions require several layers in order to access a particular area of the body. For instance, an abdominal surgery incision must pass through three layers of skin, three layers of muscle, and the peritoneum. In some cases, bone may have to be cut to access the interior of the body. In the case of brain or thoracic surgeries, this is usually done through an external incision. During the procedure, an aseptic technique is used to avoid infection.
After the procedure, you may need to hire a dog sitter, home health aide, or even a visiting nurse. Depending on the type of procedure you had, you may need further rehabilitation. While you’re recovering, you may have some pain. This is normal, and can be treated with medication. If your procedure is more complex, you may need physical therapy or even rehabilitation. Your doctor will discuss this with you during your appointment so you can understand your surgical options.
The first step in surgery is to make an incision. This is done by cutting the skin and the subcutaneous tissue. An aseptic approach is used to prevent infection. It is also used to keep the surgical site open. A surgeon may use an incision over multiple layers of tissues. In an abdominal operation, for example, the incision must cross three layers of muscle and the peritoneum. In some cases, the bone may be cut in order to access the interior of the body.
After the procedure, you may need to stay at home for a week or two. You will need to pay someone to watch your dog while you are recovering from the procedure. You may also need to have a caregiver for you. A dog sitter, home healthcare aide, or a dog walker will be necessary while you are recovering. After the surgery, you may need to continue care at home. If you have an insurance policy, you should check with the insurance company to see if it covers your procedure.